Je 60.000 let trajnostnega razvoja dovolj prepričljivo za vas? * Is 60.000 years of sustainability convincing enough for you?

IMG_1561

Zadnjič sem med brskanjem po spletu naletela na pojem „Terra Preta Australis“. Doslej sem vedela za Terro Preto do Indio, ki so jo v porečju Amazonke več tisoč let ustvarjali tamkajšnji prebivalci, odkrili pa Španci v 16. stoletju. Zdaj pa terra preta australis? Najdba mi je samo potrdila mnenje, ki ga imam o vseh največjih in najboljših idejah – ideja nikoli ni osamljena, omejena zgolj na en del sveta; odlične ideje lahko v enaki ali podobni obliki najdemo povsod po svetu. Mogoče je res kaj na kolektivni podzavesti, o kateri je pravil Carl-Gustav Jung. To pravilo velja za olla namakalni sistem, za fermentiranje zelenjave, … nič čudnega torej, če velja tudi za terro preto. In sem šla raziskovat. Našla sem nekaj, s čimer lahko v kot postavim vse, ki ne verjamejo, da je možno na dolgi rok preživeti na naravi prijazen način :) Aborigini so v Avstraliji, ki je daleč od prijaznega okolja (se je treba kar dobro znajti), udobno živeli 60.000 let (nisem prepričana, če obstaja kakšna skupnost ljudi, ki bi se bila sposobna ohraniti dlje časa – se morda motim?). Dokaz, da je bilo njihovo življenje res udobno, je njihova močno razvita duhovnost, kultura in mitologija. Mislim, da je to najboljši dokaz o trajnosti in vzdržnosti njihovega sistema. Ko so jih belci prvič obiskali, so se čudili, kako da Aborigini niso razvili nekega agrarnega sistema, v takšni ali drugačni obliki. V tem smislu naj bi bili popolna izjema. Kmetijstvo ima svoje prednosti, pa tudi slabosti. Ne-kmetijski način Aboriginov morda prav tako – a glede na vzdržnost njihovega početja bi lahko rekli, da je precej bolj kakovosten. In na količino vloženega dela – koliko ur na dan delate, da preživite? Verjemite, da nekajkrat več kot Aborigini. Naj bi bil zahodni način življenja boljši, udobnejši? Ste prepričani? Kaj definira srečo – nov avto ali podpora prijateljev, ko vas kaj muči? :) Zahodna civilizacija (grem stavit desno roko do komolca) zagotovo ne bo zdržala 60.000 let. Mislim, da se o tem vsi strinjamo. Ko je neka bela priseljenka z zanimanjem klepetala z Aboriginko o njihovem načinu življenja, jo je ta začudeno vprašala: „Ne razumem, kakšen smisel ima to vaše početje (mislila je na vrtove in polja belih priseljencev). Toliko se mučite, da nekaj pridelate, pri tem pa vam velikokrat niti ne uspe. Zakaj je to dobro? Saj vse samo raste, le pobrati in nabrati je treba.“ Cook je s spoštovanjem govoril o Aboriginih in njihovem načinu razmišljanja. Danes vemo, da so Aborigini imeli nekakšen način kmetovanja, a je bil ta tako zelo v skladu z naravo, da belcem zaradi njihovega pogleda na svet dolgo časa ni bil opazen, ni bil dojemljiv. Uporabljali so lokalno omejeno požigalništvo, s katerim so spodbujali rast tistih rastlin, ki so jih radi jedli, za sabo so vedno pustili dovolj rastlin in živali, da se je narava lahko obnovila, nikoli niso vsega do golega in mrtvega pograbili, iztrošili, izrabili … Za sabo so pustili okolje v enako dobrem ali boljšem stanju, kot so ga našli. In tako so lahko živeli večno – kaj pa je 60.000 let drugega kot večnost :) Enako, kot je v svoji definiciji permakulture napisal Geoff Lawton: … permaculture is a system of design that will allow us to meet all our needs while benefiting the environment, so that we can live in the world “forever”. 

I ran into the concept „Terra Preta Australis“ the other day. Up until now I`ve only heard of Terra Preta do Indio, which the local inhabitants were creating in river basin of the Amazon for several thousand years and the Spaniards discovered in 16th century. And now terra preta australis? The finding confirmed my opinion I have in concern with all the largest and best ideas – a great idea is never isolated, limited to only one part of world; we can find strokes of genius in equal or analogous shape everywhere across the globe. There might be some truth in the idea of collective subconsciousness that Carl-Gustav Jung was talking about. Such ideas are olla irrigation system, fermenting of vegetables, … and obviously terra preta as well. So I started to investigate the matter. And found something, with which I can put into corner anyone who doubts that the possibility of sustainable long term living is possible :) Aborigines lived comfortably in Australia, a place far from abundance, for 60.000 years (I am not sure if any other human community managed to do that?). Their highly developed spirituality, culture and mythology are strong evidence of their life being comfortable enough. Which I think is the best proof of durability and sustainability of their system. When the first settlers from Europe visited them, they wondered how come the Aborigines didn’t develop any of the possible agricultural systems. In that sense they were a unique exception. Agriculture has its advantages, but also disadvantages. The non-agricultural way of life of Aborigines maybe has its pros and cons as well – but considering the sustainability of their way of life one could say it is of high quality. And considering the amount of needed work and sources – how many hours per day do you have to work to survive? Believe me, it certainly cannot be compared to the amount Aborigines had to do to live a comfortable life. Is western way of life better, more comfortable? Are you sure about that? What defines happiness better – a new car or support of friends in times of trouble? :) Western civilization (and I am willing to bet my right hand) definitely will not last for 60.000 years. I suppose we all agree on that. When a white lady chatted with an Aborigine woman about their way of life, the latter asked rather surprised: „I don`t understand, what`s the point in your activities (she meant the whites working in gardens and on fields). Why do you torture yourself this much, just to grow some food while you often fail to produce anything. Why is this wise? When everything grows by itself, you only have to pick it up and gather when necessary.” It was discovered later that Aborigines had a certain manner of agriculture, which was in accordance with nature and therefore not easy noticeable and understandable to the first settlers. The Aborigines were using locally limited slash and burn, they were encouraging growth of the plants they liked to eat, but they were very careful to always leave enough plants and animals behind them, so that nature always had a chance to regenerate,. They never took everything, leaving a disaster behind them. They always left the environment in the same or even a better shape than it was before they came. And in that mode they were able to life for ever – because what is 60.000 years other than eternity :) Just as Geoff Lawton says in his definition of permaculture: …permaculture is a system of design that will allow us to meet all our needs while benefiting the environment, so that we can live in the world “forever”.

Advertisements

One thought on “Je 60.000 let trajnostnega razvoja dovolj prepričljivo za vas? * Is 60.000 years of sustainability convincing enough for you?

  1. ojla, super, sem takoj naprej poslala. Domorodci iz Australije so sploh zelo skrivnostni. Nekaj knjig sem prebrala o njih in res so fenomenalni kako skromno živijo in so ful srečni. Samo kaj, ko smo jim pa belci “ritem uničili”.

    bojca imaš prav, tudi mi se bomo morali vrniti na zelo stare tirnice. povečati osebne vrline – ljubezen, skromnost, poštenost, …

    Bojda je Nostradamus predvidel za leto 2015/16 neko novo vero, vero ki bo izšla iz ljudi. Mogoče je pa to to. :) vrnitev v preteklost.

    Bodi lepo tjana

Oddajte komentar

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

Komentirate prijavljeni s svojim WordPress.com računom. Odjava / Spremeni )

Twitter picture

Komentirate prijavljeni s svojim Twitter računom. Odjava / Spremeni )

Facebook photo

Komentirate prijavljeni s svojim Facebook računom. Odjava / Spremeni )

Google+ photo

Komentirate prijavljeni s svojim Google+ računom. Odjava / Spremeni )

Connecting to %s